Samuel Halliday probably was a Scottish trader who settled in Albany during the late 1750s. A number of individuals including at least one British officer were indebted to him. Trying to recoup his investments, he complained to General Amherst that soldiers assaulted him and dragged him through the street.
In 1763, he obtained land near Gallows Hill in the southwestern part of the city. In 1767, assessment rolls taxed his house and lot in the third ward.
He was one of the founders of the Albany Presbyterian church. In 1762, he was identifed as an elder of the congregation. In 1766, he joined other recently arrived Scots in securing the land where Presbyterian meeting house stood.
Samuel Halliday was dead by 1779 when his widow was listed on the assessment roll.
Sources: The life of Samuel Halliday/Holliday is CAP biography number 8507. This sketch is derived chiefly from community-based resources. A Presbyterian Samuel Halliday was active in Pennsylvania during this time. We seek demographic information for his life.
The incident is described by J. C. Long in his biography entitled Lord Jeffery Amherst: A Soldier of the King (New York, 1933), pp. 124-25. It reads: "Frequently, the conflicts between the military and the civilians flared up into incdents distinctly discreditable to the army. In one notorious case a certain Samuel Holliday, merchant of Albany, accepted a London draft from an Ensign Newland. The draft proved to be worthless, and the Ensign then gave a note for the amount of 162 pounds. The note in turn was not redeemed and Mr. Holliday had Newland arrested. Newland demanded that the merchant go his bail, which Holliday refused to do. This occasioned a riot from which Mr. Holliday emerged much the worse: