This is a print of an engraving of a map of Albany probably made by a British army engineer showing the settlement/city following the end of the French and Indian Wars. It is dated "1765" - the year it was published in London as part of a collection of military maps of places in New York and beyond. This image presents an intriguing yet puzzling perspective on the Albany landscape. It is dominated by a proposed (and never built) stockade that would box in the community on three sides. It shows terrain and landmarks of strategic value. Within a year or so, the stockade and most other military features were being dismantled as they no longer were in use. This was the last of a number of maps made by agents of the British army.
The map also shows the "Remains of an Old Fort" (Fort Orange) in the lower left hand corner; a knoll within the stockade above today's South Pearl Street we believe is the legendary "Gallows Hill"; the first visualization of a dock extending out from today's Exchange Street (Mark Lane); a number of unidentified military structures; and a greatly expanded (yet labeled as "proposed") stockade.
Oversize, reproduction print of unknown origins in the Graphics Archive of the Colonial Albany Social History Project. It most likely was made from A Set of Plans and Forts in America - reduced from Actual Survey by Mary Ann Roque, "Topographer to the Duke of Gloucester," and first published in London in 1765. That work can be found in a number of prominent repositories. A beautifully digitized version of that work appears online. I first saw and read about it in Munsell's Annals of Albany.
First posted 2003; revised 2/10/11