Sketch by Patricia Kernan

 

Iona Island BioBlitz 2000 - Results

Iona Island and Marshes - Stony Point, NY

September 15 - 16, 2000



Plants
Total = 405

Observers: RF (Richard Figlar), JF (Jack Focht), PTG (Peter and Terryanne Maenza-Gmelch), TJ (Tanya Jurcic), GR (George Robinson), and CW (Carol Weiss)

ID Native? Family Growth form Genus Species Common name Notes/Synonyms S-Rank TNC-Rank Observer
1 N Aceraceae Tree Acer negundo Box-elder sometimes incorrectly listed as a native in the Northeast

RF, JF, CW, GR
2 Y Aceraceae Tree Acer pensylvanicum Striped maple


JF
3 N Aceraceae Tree Acer platanoides Norway maple


RF, JF, CW, GR
4 Y Aceraceae Tree Acer rubrum ssp. rubrum Red maple


RF, JF, CW, GR
5 Y Aceraceae Tree Acer saccharum Sugar maple the state tree

JF, CW, GR
6 Y Alismataceae
Alisma subcordatum Water-plantain Alisma plantago-aquatica L. in part

JF
7 Y Alismataceae Herbaceous Sagittaria latifolia Wapato Sagittaria latifolia var. obtusa (Mühl. ex Willd.) Sm.

PTG, JF
8 Y Alismataceae
Sagittaria subulata Strap-leaf arrowhead

G4S3 (Watch) JF
9 Y Amaranthaceae
Amaranthus cannabinus Water-hemp


JF
10 Y Anacardiaceae Tree Rhus copallinum Shining Sumac


RF
11 Y Anacardiaceae
Rhus hirta Staghorn sumac Rhus typhina L.

JF
12 Y Anacardiaceae Vine Toxicodendron radicans Poison ivy


RF, JF, CW, GR
13 Y Anacardiaceae
Toxicodendron vernix Poison sumac Rhus vernix L.

JF
14 N Apiaceae Herbaceous Daucus carota Queen-Anne's-lace


PTG, JF, CW, GR, TJ
15 Y Apiaceae
Hydrocotyle americana Pennywort


JF
16 Y Apiaceae
Sium suave Water-parsnip


JF
17 Y Apiaceae
Taenidia integerrima Yellow pimpernel


JF
18 Y Apocynaceae
Apocynum cannabinum var. cannabinum Indian hemp


JF, CW, GR
19 Y Aquifoliaceae
Ilex verticillata Black alder
V
JF
20 Y Araceae Herbaceous Acorus americanus Sweetflag (Acoraceae)

JF
21 Y Araceae
Peltandra virginica Arrowleaf


JF
22 Y Araceae
Symplocarpus foetidus Skunk-cabbage


JF
23 Y Araliaceae
Aralia spinosa Hercules'-club


RF, JF, CW, GR
24 N Araliaceae
Hedera helix English ivy


JF
25 Y Asclepiadaceae Herbaceous Asclepias incarnata var. pulchra Swamp milkweed


JF
26 Y Asclepiadaceae Herbaceous Asclepias syriaca Common milkweed


PTG, JF, CW, GR, TJ
27 N Asclepiadaceae
Cynanchum louiseae Black swallow-wort Cynanchum nigrum (L.) Pers.; Vincetoxicum nigrum (L.) Moench

JF, CW, GR
28 Y Aspleniaceae
Asplenium platyneuron Ebony spleenwort
V
JF
29 Y Aspleniaceae Herbaceous Asplenium rhizophyllum Walking fern Camptosorus rhizophyllus (L.) Link V
JF
30 Y Aspleniaceae
Asplenium trichomanes Maidenhair spleenwort
V
JF
31 N Asteraceae Herbaceous Achillea millefolium Common Yarrow


JF, CW, GR, TJ
32 Y Asteraceae Herbaceous Ambrosia artemisiifolia Ragweed


JF, CW, GR, TJ
33 Y Asteraceae
Anaphalis margaritacea Pearly everlasting


JF, CW, GR, TJ
34 Y Asteraceae
Antennaria neglecta Everlasting Antennaria neglecta varieties; A. neodioica Greene; A virginica of NY reports, not Stebbins

JF
35 Y Asteraceae Herbaceous Antennaria plantaginifolia Everlasting Antennaria plantaginifolia varieties; A. parlinii Fern.

JF
36 N Asteraceae Herbaceous Arctium lappa Burdock


JF
37 N Asteraceae Herbaceous Arctium minus Common burdock


JF
38 N Asteraceae
Artemisia annua Sweet wormwood


JF
39 N Asteraceae
Artemisia vulgaris Felon-herb


JF
40 Y Asteraceae
Aster concolor Silvery aster
E G4? S1 GR
41 Y Asteraceae Herbaceous Aster divaricatus White wood aster


JF
42 Y Asteraceae Herbaceous Aster ericoides White wreath aster


JF, CW, GR, TJ
43 Y Asteraceae
Aster patens Late purple aster


CW, GR, TJ
44 Y Asteraceae
Aster praealtus Willow aster


CW, GR
45 Y Asteraceae
Aster prenanthoides Zig-zag aster


JF
46 Y Asteraceae
Aster racemosus White aster Aster vimineus of authors, not Lam.

JF, GR
47 Y Asteraceae
Aster subulatus Saltmarsh aster
U G5 S2 CW, GR
48 Y Asteraceae
Aster tenuifolius Slender saltmarsh aster
E G5 S1S3? GR
49 Y Asteraceae
Aster umbellatus Flat-top white aster


CW, GR
50 Y Asteraceae
Baccharis halimifolia Groundsel-tree


JF
51 Y Asteraceae
Bidens frondosa Beggar-ticks


JF, CW, GR
52 N Asteraceae
Bidens tripartita Beggar-ticks Bidens comosa (A. Gray) Wieg.

JF
53 N Asteraceae Herbaceous Centaurea maculosa Spotted Knapweed


JF, CW, GR, TJ
54 N Asteraceae
Centaurea nigra Black knapweed


CW, GR, TJ
55 N Asteraceae
Cichorium intybus Chicory


PTG, JF, CW, GR, TJ
56 N Asteraceae Herbaceous Cirsium arvense Canada thistle New

JF
57 Y Asteraceae Herbaceous Cirsium discolor Field-thistle


PTG, CW, GR, TJ
58 Y Asteraceae
Cirsium muticum Swamp-thistle


CW, GR
59 N Asteraceae Herbaceous Cirsium vulgare Bull-thistle New

JF
60 Y Asteraceae
Conyza canadensis Horseweed


JF, CW, GR
61 Y Asteraceae
Erechtites hieracifolia Fireweed
U G5T? S1 JF, TJ
62 Y Asteraceae
Erigeron annuus Daisy-fleabane


CW, GR, TJ
63 Y Asteraceae
Eupatorium perfoliatum Thoroughwort


JF
64 Y Asteraceae
Eupatorium rugosum White snakeroot
U G5 S1 JF
65 Y Asteraceae
Helenium autumnale Sneezeweed


JF
66 Y Asteraceae
Helianthus divaricatus Woodland sunflower


JF, CW, GR, TJ
67 N Asteraceae
Hieracium caespitosum King-devil


CW, GR
68 N Asteraceae
Leucanthemum vulgare Ox-eye daisy


JF
69 Y Asteraceae
Mikania scandens Climbing boneset


JF, CW, GR
70 Y Asteraceae
Pluchea odorata var. succulenta Saltmarsh fleabane


JF, CW, GR
71 N Asteraceae
Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima Black-eyed-susan


JF, CW, GR, TJ
72 Y Asteraceae
Solidago arguta Cutleaf goldenrod


GR
73 Y Asteraceae
Solidago bicolor White goldenrod


JF, CW, GR
74 Y Asteraceae
Solidago caesia Wreath goldenrod


JF, CW, GR
75 Y Asteraceae
Solidago flexicaulis Zig-zag goldenrod


CW, GR
76 Y Asteraceae
Solidago nemoralis Rough goldenrod


GR
77 Y Asteraceae
Solidago odora Sweet goldenrod


JF
78 Y Asteraceae Herbaceous Solidago patula Spreading goldenrod New

JF
79 Y Asteraceae
Solidago puberula Downy goldenrod Solidago erecta of NY reports, not Pursh

JF, CW, GR
80 Y Asteraceae Herbaceous Solidago rugosa Tall hairy goldenrod New

JF, GR
81 Y Asteraceae
Solidago sempervirens Seaside goldenrod


JF
82 N Asteraceae
Sonchus oleraceus Sow-thistle


CW, GR
83 N Asteraceae
Taraxacum officinale Common dandelion


JF, CW, GR, TJ
84 Y Balsaminaceae
Impatiens capensis Spotted jewelweed


JF, CW, GR
85 N Berberidaceae Herbaceous Berberis thunbergii Japanese barberry


RF, JF, CW, GR
86 Y Betulaceae
Alnus serrulata Smooth alder


JF
87 Y Betulaceae
Betula alleghaniensis Yellow birch Betula alleghanensis (sensu Britt., 1907)

JF
88 Y Betulaceae Tree Betula lenta Sweet birch


RF, JF, CW, GR
89 Y Betulaceae Tree Betula populifolia Gray birch


RF, JF, CW, GR
90 N Betulaceae
Betula pubescens European white birch


JF
91 Y Betulaceae tree Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam


JF, CW, GR
92 Y Betulaceae Tree Ostrya virginiana Hop hornbeam


RF, JF, CW, GR
93 N Bignoniaceae
Catalpa ovata Chinese catalpa


JF
94 N Bignoniaceae
Paulownia tomentosa Princess-tree


RF, JF
95 N Boraginaceae
Echium vulgare Blue-devil


PTG, JF, CW, GR, TJ
96 N Brassicaceae Herbaceous Alliaria petiolata Garlic mustard


JF
97 Y Brassicaceae
Arabidopsis lyrata Lyre-leaf rock-cress Arabis lyrata L.

CW, GR
98 Y Brassicaceae
Arabis laevigata Smooth rock-cress


JF
99 Y Brassicaceae Herbaceous Arabis lyrata Lyre-leaf rock-cress New

JF
100 Y Brassicaceae Herbaceous Cardamine pensylvanica Pennsylvania bittercress


JF
101 N Brassicaceae
Lepidium ruderale Stinking peppergrass


JF
102 Y Brassicaceae
Lepidium virginicum Wild peppergrass


CW, GR
103 Y Cactaceae
Opuntia humifusa Eastern prickly-pear
V
JF, CW, GR, TJ
104 Y Campanulaceae Herbaceous Campanula rotundifolia Harebell
V
JF
105 Y Campanulaceae
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal-flower
V
JF, CW, GR, TJ
106 Y Caprifoliaceae
Diervilla lonicera Bush honeysuckle


JF
107 N Caprifoliaceae
Lonicera japonica Japanese honeysuckle


PTG, JF, CW, GR, TJ
108 N Caprifoliaceae
Lonicera morrowii Fly honeysuckle


JF
109 Y Caprifoliaceae
Sambucus canadensis Black elderberry


JF
110 Y Caprifoliaceae
Viburnum acerifolium Maple-leaf viburnum


JF
111 Y Caprifoliaceae Shrub Viburnum lentago Sheepberry New

JF
112 Y Caprifoliaceae Shrub Viburnum prunifolium Black-haw


RF, JF
113 N Caryophyllaceae
Dianthus armeria Deptford pink


JF, CW, GR, TJ
114 N Caryophyllaceae
Saponaria officinalis Bouncing-bet


JF
115 N Caryophyllaceae
Silene vulgaris Bladder-campion


CW, GR
116 N Celastraceae Vine Celastrus orbiculata Oriental bittersweet


RF, JF, CW, GR
117 Y Chenopodiaceae
Atriplex patula Seaside orach


JF
118 N Chenopodiaceae
Chenopodium album Lamb's-Quarters


JF
119 Y Clethraceae Herbaceous Clethra alnifolia White alder


JF, CW, GR
120 Y Clusiaceae
Hypericum gentianoides Orange-grass


JF
121 N Clusiaceae Herbaceous Hypericum perforatum Common St. John's-wort


JF, CW, GR, TJ
122 N Commelinaceae Herbaceous Commelina communis Dayflower


JF, CW, GR, TJ
123 Y Convolvulaceae Herbaceous Calystegia sepium Hedge-bindweed


JF
124 Y Cornaceae Shrub Cornus amomum Silky dogwood


JF, CW, GR
125 Y Cornaceae Shrub Cornus florida Flowering dogwood


RF, JF
126 Y Cornaceae Shrub Cornus foemina ssp. racemosa Gray dogwood


JF, CW, GR
127 N Crassulaceae
Sedum acre Yellow sedum


JF
128 N Crassulaceae
Sedum sarmentosum Orpine


JF
129 Y Cupressaceae
Chamaecyparis thyoides Atlantic white-cedar


RF
130 Y Cupressaceae Tree Juniperus virginiana Easten red cedar


PTG, RF, JF, CW, GR
131 Y Cupressaceae
Thuja occidentalis Northern white cedar


RF, JF
132 Y Cyperaceae
Bulbostylis capillaris Sand-rush


JF
133 Y Cyperaceae Herbaceous Carex albursina sedge New

JF
134 Y Cyperaceae
Carex bromoides Sedge


JF
135 Y Cyperaceae
Carex laxiflora Sedge


JF
136 Y Cyperaceae Herbaceous Carex pensylvanica Sedge


JF
137 Y Cyperaceae
Carex platyphylla Broad-leaf sedge


JF
138 Y Cyperaceae
Carex scabrata Sedge


JF
139 Y Cyperaceae
Carex scoparia Sedge


JF
140 Y Cyperaceae
Carex stricta Tussock-sedge Carex stricta var. strictior (Dewey ex Wood) Carey

JF
141 Y Cyperaceae
Cyperus diandrus Flat sedge


JF
142 N Cyperaceae
Cyperus esculentus Yellow nut-grass


CW, GR
143 Y Cyperaceae Herbaceous Cyperus lupulinus ssp. macilentus Flat sedge


JF
144 Y Cyperaceae
Cyperus strigosus Galingale Cyperus strigosus var. robustior Britt.

JF
145 Y Cyperaceae
Scirpus novae-angliae Saltmarsh bulrush Scirpus cylindricus (Torr.) Britt. of NY reports E G5 S1 JF
146 Y Dennstaedtiaceae
Dennstaedtia punctilobula Hay-scented fern an allelopathic, native weed

JF
147 Y Dioscoreaceae
Dioscorea villosa Wild yam


JF
148 Y Dryopteridaceae
Cystopteris tenuis Fragile fern
V
JF
149 Y Dryopteridaceae
Dryopteris carthusiana Spinulose wood fern Dryopteris spinulosa (Müll.) Nieuwl. V
JF
150 Y Dryopteridaceae
Dryopteris marginalis Marginal wood fern
V
JF
151 Y Dryopteridaceae
Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive fern


JF
152 Y Equisetaceae
Equisetum arvense Common horsetail


JF
153 Y Ericaceae
Gaultheria procumbens Wintergreen


JF
154 Y Ericaceae Shrub Gaylussacia baccata Black huckleberry


JF, CW, GR
155 Y Ericaceae
Gaylussacia frondosa Dangleberry


JF
156 Y Ericaceae shrub Kalmia latifolia Mountain laurel


RF, JF
157 Y Ericaceae
Lyonia ligustrina Maleberry


CW, GR
158 Y Ericaceae
Rhododendron viscosum Swamp azalea
V
JF, CW, GR
159 Y Ericaceae
Vaccinium corymbosum Highbush blueberry Vaccinium atrococcum (A. Gray) Heller

JF
160 Y Ericaceae
Vaccinium pallidum Sugar huckleberry Vaccinium vacillans Kalm ex Torrey

JF
161 Y Ericaceae Shrub Vaccinium stamineum Deerberry


RF
162 Y Euphorbiaceae
Acalypha gracilens Three-seeded-mercury


CW, GR
163 Y Euphorbiaceae
Acalypha virginica var. rhomboidea Three-seeded mercury


JF
164 Y Euphorbiaceae
Chamaesyce vermiculata Hairy spurge


JF
165 N Euphorbiaceae
Euphorbia cyparissias Cypress spurge


PTG, JF, CW, GR, TJ
166 N Euphorbiaceae
Euphorbia esula Wolf's-milk


JF
167 N Fabaceae Herbaceous Amorpha fruticosa False indigo common

RF, JF
168 Y Fabaceae Vine Amphicarpaea bracteata Hog-peanut


JF, CW, GR
169 Y Fabaceae
Apios americana Groundnut


JF, CW, GR
170 Y Fabaceae
Chamaecrista nictitans Dwarf Partridge-pea Cassia nictitans L.

JF
171 Y Fabaceae
Desmodium paniculatum Tick-trefoil


JF
172 N Fabaceae
Lotus tenuis Small Bird's-foot trefoil


JF
173 N Fabaceae
Melilotus alba White sweet-clover


JF
174 N Fabaceae
Melilotus officinalis Yellow sweet-clover


CW, GR, TJ
175 N Fabaceae
Robinia pseudo-acacia Black locust


RF, JF
176 N Fabaceae
Trifolium campestre Field hop-clover


CW, GR
177 N Fabaceae
Trifolium repens White clover


JF, CW, GR
178 Y Fagaceae Tree Fagus grandifolia American Beech


JF
179 Y Fagaceae Tree Quercus alba White oak


RF, JF, CW, GR
180 Y Fagaceae Tree Quercus bicolor Swamp white oak


RF, JF
181 Y Fagaceae Tree Quercus coccinea Scarlet oak


RF
182 Y Fagaceae Tree Quercus montana Chestnut oak


RF, JF, CW, GR
183 Y Fagaceae Tree Quercus palustris Pin oak


RF, JF
184 Y Fagaceae Tree Quercus rubra Red oak common

RF, JF, CW, GR
185 Y Fagaceae
Quercus velutina Black oak


CW, GR
186 Y Fumariaceae
Corydalis flavula Yellow harlequin


CW
187 Y Fumariaceae
Corydalis sempervirens Pink corydalis


JF
188 Y Gentianaceae
Bartonia virginica Bartonia


CW, GR, TJ
189 N Geraniaceae
Geranium robertianum Herb-robert


JF
190 N Geraniaceae
Geranium sibericum Cranesbill Geranium rotundifolium of NY reports, not L.

JF
191 Y Grossulariaceae
Ribes rotundifolium Round-leaf currant


JF
192 Y Haloragaceae
Myriophyllum heterophyllum Water milfoil


JF
193 Y Hamamelidaceae Shrub Hamamelis virginiana Witch-hazel


RF, JF
194 N Hippocastanaceae Tree Aesculus hippocastanum Horse-chestnut


RF, JF
195 Y Hydrocharitaceae
Vallisneria americana Tapegrass


JF
196 N Iridaceae
Iris pseudacorus Yellow iris


JF
197 Y Iridaceae
Iris versicolor Blue flag


JF, CW, GR
198 Y Juglandaceae
Carya cordiformis Bitternut Hickory


JF, CW, GR
199 Y Juglandaceae Tree Carya glabra Pignut (Hickory)


RF, JF
200 Y Juglandaceae Tree Carya ovata Shagbark hickory


RF, JF
201 Y Juglandaceae Tree Carya tomentosa Mockernut hickory


RF
202 Y Juglandaceae
Juglans nigra Black walnut


JF
203 Y Juncaceae
Juncus tenuis Slender yard-rush Juncus tenuis var. williamsii Fern.

JF
204 N Lamiaceae
Glechoma hederacea Ground-ivy


CW, GR
205 Y Lamiaceae
Hedeoma pulegioides Mock-pennyroyal


JF, CW, GR
206 N Lamiaceae
Leonurus cardiaca Motherwort


JF
207 Y Lamiaceae
Lycopus uniflorus Water-horehound


JF
208 N Lamiaceae
Nepeta cataria Catnip


JF, CW, GR, TJ
209 Y Lamiaceae
Pycnanthemum incanum Mountain-mint


JF
210 Y Lamiaceae
Pycnanthemum muticum Mountain-mint


CW, GR, TJ
211 Y Lamiaceae
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Mountain-mint


TJ
212 Y Lamiaceae
Pycnanthemum virginianum Mountain-mint


GR
213 Y Lamiaceae
Scutellaria galericulata Common skullcap Scutellaria x churchilliana of NY report, not Fern.

JF
214 Y Lamiaceae
Trichostema dichotomum Bastard-pennyroyal


JF
215 Y Lauraceae
Lindera benzoin Spicebush


JF, CW, GR
216 Y Lauraceae Tree Sassafras albidum Sassafras


RF, JF
217 Y Liliaceae
Allium tricoccum Wild leek


CW, GR
218 Y Liliaceae
Maianthemum canadense False lily-of-the-valley Maianthemum canadense var. interius Fern.

JF
219 Y Liliaceae
Polygonatum biflorum Solomon's-seal


JF, CW, GR
220 Y Liliaceae
Polygonatum commutatum Large solomon's-seal


JF
221 Y Liliaceae Herbaceous Polygonatum pubescens Solomon's-seal New

JF
222 Y Liliaceae
Uvularia sessilifolia Wild-oats


JF
223 N Lythraceae
Lythrum salicaria Purple loosestrife


JF, CW, GR
224 Y Magnoliaceae Tree Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip tree


RF, JF
225 Y Magnoliaceae Tree Magnolia acuminata Cucumber magnolia


RF, JF, CW, GR
226 N Magnoliaceae
Magnolia x snulangeana Saucer magnolia New, introduced cultivar

RF
227 Y Malvaceae
Hibiscus moscheutos Rose-mallow Hibiscus palustris L.

PTG, JF
228 N Malvaceae
Hibiscus syriacus Rose-of-sharon


CW, GR, TJ
229 N Moraceae Tree Morus alba White mulberry


RF, JF
230 Y Myricaceae
Comptonia peregrina Sweet-fern


JF
231 Y Myricaceae
Myrica pensylvanica Bayberry
V
PTG, RF, JF, CW, GR
232 Y Nymphaeaceae
Nuphar advena Yellow pondlily Nuphar lutea var. macrophylla (Small) Beal (N. luteum)

JF
233 Y Nyssaceae Tree Nyssa sylvatica Black gum


RF, JF, CW, GR
234 N Oleaceae
Forsythia viridissima Forsythia


JF
235 Y Oleaceae Tree Fraxinus americana White ash


JF, CW, GR
236 Y Oleaceae
Fraxinus nigra Black ash


JF
237 Y Oleaceae
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash Fraxinus quadrangulata of NY reports, not Michx.

JF, CW, GR
238 N Oleaceae
Ligustrum vulgare Privet


JF
239 N Oleaceae
Syringa vulgaris Lilac


JF
240 Y Onagraceae Herbaceous Circaea lutetiana Enchanter's nightshade


JF
241 Y Onagraceae
Ludwigia palustris Water purslane


JF
242 Y Onagraceae
Oenothera perennis Sundrops


JF
243 Y Orchidaceae
Spiranthes cernua Nodding lady's-tresses
V
CW, GR
244 Y Osmundaceae Herbaceous Osmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon fern
V
JF
245 Y Osmundaceae
Osmunda claytoniana Interrupted fern
V
JF
246 Y Osmundaceae
Osmunda regalis Royal fern
V
JF
247 Y Oxalidaceae
Oxalis stricta Lady's-sorrel


JF, CW, GR
248 Y Phytolaccaceae
Phytolacca americana Pokeweed


JF
249 N Pinaceae Tree Picea abies Norway spruce


RF, JF
250 N Pinaceae Tree Picea pungens Colorado blue spruce


RF, JF
251 Y Pinaceae Tree Pinus rigida Pitch pine


RF, JF
252 Y Pinaceae Tree Pinus strobus White pine


RF, JF
253 Y Pinaceae Tree Tsuga canadensis Eastern hemlock


RF, JF, CW, GR
254 N Plantaginaceae
Plantago lanceolata Buck-horn plantain


JF, CW, GR, TJ
255 N Plantaginaceae
Plantago major Common plantain


JF, CW, GR, TJ
256 Y Plantaginaceae
Plantago rugelii Pale plantain


JF
257 Y Platanaceae Tree Platanus occidentalis American sycamore


PTG, RF, JF, CW, GR
258 N Poaceae Herbaceous Agrostis capillaris Colonial bent New

JF
259 N Poaceae
Agrostis gigantea Redtop


JF, CW, GR
260 Y Poaceae
Agrostis perennans Autumn bent


JF
261 Y Poaceae
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem


CW, GR
262 N Poaceae Herbaceous Arrhenatherum elatius Tall oatgrass New

JF
263 N Poaceae Herbaceous Bromus inermis Smooth brome


JF
264 N Poaceae
Bromus tectorum Downy chess


CW, GR
265 Y Poaceae
Calamagrostis canadensis Bluejoint grass


JF
266 Y Poaceae
Cinna arundinacea Stout woodreed


JF
267 Y Poaceae
Cinna latifolia Drooping woodreed


JF
268 N Poaceae
Dactylis glomerata Orchard grass


JF, CW, GR
269 Y Poaceae Herbaceous Danthonia compressa Northern oatgrass New

JF
270 Y Poaceae
Danthonia spicata Poverty-grass Danthonia x allenii Austin of NY reports

JF
271 Y Poaceae
Deschampsia cespitosa Tufted hairgrass


JF
272 Y Poaceae
Deschampsia flexuosa Common hairgrass


JF
273 Y Poaceae Herbaceous Digitaria cognatum Fall witchgrass New

JF
274 N Poaceae
Echinochloa crusgalli Barnyard grass


JF
275 N Poaceae
Eleusine indica Goosegrass


JF
276 Y Poaceae
Elymus hystrix Bottlebrush


JF, CW, GR
277 Y Poaceae
Elymus riparius Marsh wild-rye


JF
278 Y Poaceae
Elymus virginicus Virginia wild-rye


JF
279 N Poaceae
Elytrigia repens Quackgrass Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv.

JF
280 Y Poaceae
Eragrostis spectabilis Purple lovegrass


JF
281 Y Poaceae
Leersia oryzoides Rice cutgrass


JF
282 N Poaceae
Microstegium vimineum Japanese stiltgrass Eulalia viminea (Trin.) Kuntze

JF, CW, GR
283 Y Poaceae Herbaceous Mühlenbergia frondosa Wirestem muhly New

JF
284 Y Poaceae
Panicum acuminatum Panic grass many spp. under Dichanthelium, a poorly defined genus

JF
285 Y Poaceae
Panicum boscii Panic grass


JF
286 Y Poaceae
Panicum capillare Witchgrass Panicum capillare var. occidentale Rydb.;

JF, CW, GR
287 Y Poaceae
Panicum clandestinum Deer-tongue


JF
288 Y Poaceae
Panicum dichotomiflorum Smooth panic grass


JF
289 Y Poaceae
Panicum latifolium Panic grass


JF
290 Y Poaceae
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass Panicum virgatum var. cubense Griseb.

JF
291 N Poaceae Herbaceous Phragmites australis Common reed Phragmites communis Trin.

PTG, JF, CW, GR
292 N Poaceae
Poa compressa Canada bluegrass


JF
293 N Poaceae
Poa pratensis Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis var. angustifolia (L.) Gaudin

JF
294 Y Poaceae
Schizachyrium scoparium Little blue-stem


JF
295 N Poaceae
Setaria faberi Giant foxtail


JF, CW, GR
296 N Poaceae
Setaria pumila Yellow foxtail


JF
297 N Poaceae
Setaria viridis Green foxtail


JF, CW, GR
298 Y Poaceae
Sporobolus vaginiflorus Poverty-grass


JF
299 Y Poaceae
Tridens flavus Purpletop


JF
300 N Poaceae
Triticum aestivum Wheat Triticum vulgare Vill.

CW, GR
301 Y Poaceae
Zizania aquatica Southern wild rice Zizania palustris of early American authors, not L.

JF
302 Y Polygalaceae
Polygala verticillata var. verticillata Whorled milkwort


JF
303 N Polygonaceae
Polygonum arenastrum Knotweed Polygonum aviculare of old NY reports in part

JF
304 Y Polygonaceae
Polygonum arifolium Arrowleaf Tearthumb


JF, CW, GR
305 N Polygonaceae
Polygonum aviculare Knotweed Polygonum monspeliensis Pers.

JF, CW, GR
306 N Polygonaceae
Polygonum cespitosum var. longisetum Low smartweed


JF
307 N Polygonaceae
Polygonum hydropiper Common smartweed


JF, CW, GR
308 Y Polygonaceae
Polygonum hydropiperoides Mild water-pepper


JF, CW, GR
309 N Polygonaceae
Polygonum lapathifolium Willow-weed


JF
310 N Polygonaceae
Polygonum lapathifolium x persicaria Smartweed


JF
311 Y Polygonaceae
Polygonum pensylvanicum Pinkweed (all varieties in synonymy)

JF
312 N Polygonaceae Herbaceous Polygonum perfoliatum Mile-a-minute weed New

JF
313 N Polygonaceae
Polygonum persicaria Lady's-thumb


JF, CW, GR
314 Y Polygonaceae
Polygonum punctatum var. punctatum Water smartweed


JF
315 Y Polygonaceae
Polygonum sagittatum Tearthumb


JF, CW, GR
316 Y Polygonaceae
Polygonum scandens var. scandens Climbing false-buckwheat


JF, CW, GR, TJ
317 Y Polygonaceae
Polygonum virginianum Jumpseed


JF
318 N Polygonaceae
Rumex acetosella Sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella ssp. angiocarpus (Murb.) Murb.

JF
319 N Polygonaceae
Rumex crispus Curly dock


CW, GR, TJ
320 Y Polypodiaceae
Polypodium appalachianum Appalachian polypody
V
JF, CW, GR
321 Y Polypodiaceae
Polypodium virginianum Rock polypody
V
JF
322 Y Pontederiaceae
Pontederia cordata Pickerel-weed


JF, CW, GR
323 N Primulaceae
Anagallis arvensis Scarlet pimpernel


JF
324 Y Primulaceae
Samolus valerandi Water pimpernel


JF
325 Y Pteridaceae
Pellaea atropurpurea Purple cliff brake
V
JF
326 Y Ranunculaceae
Actaea pachypoda White baneberry Actaea alba of American authors, not (L.) Mill.

JF
327 Y Ranunculaceae Herbaceous Aquilegia canadensis Wild Columbine


JF, CW, GR
328 Y Ranunculaceae
Cimicifuga racemosa Black snakeroot


JF
329 N Ranunculaceae
Clematis terniflora Yam-leaf clematis


JF, CW, GR
330 Y Ranunculaceae Herbaceous Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa Blunt-lobed hepatica


JF
331 N Ranunculaceae
Ranunculus sceleratus Cursed crowfoot


JF
332 N Rhamnaceae
Rhamnus cathartica Common buckthorn


JF
333 N Rhamnaceae
Rhamnus frangula Smooth buckthorn


CW, GR
334 Y Rosaceae Tree Amelanchier arborea Shadbush


RF, JF
335 Y Rosaceae
Amelanchier laevis Smooth shadbush Amelanchier arborea var laevis (Wieg.) Ahles

CW, GR
336 Y Rosaceae
Aronia arbutifolia Red chokeberry


JF
337 Y Rosaceae
Aronia melanocarpa Black chokeberry


RF, JF
338 Y Rosaceae
Fragaria vesca Woodland strawberry


CW, GR
339 N Rosaceae
Malus pumila Common apple Malus sylvestris of authors, not (L.) Mill.; Pyrus malus L.

JF
340 N Rosaceae
Potentilla argentea Silvery cinquefoil


JF
341 Y Rosaceae
Potentilla canadensis Dwarf cinquefoil


JF
342 Y Rosaceae
Potentilla fruticosa Shrubby cinquefoil


JF
343 Y Rosaceae
Potentilla simplex Common cinquefoil


JF, CW, GR
344 N Rosaceae Shrub Prunus avium Sweet cherry New

JF
345 Y Rosaceae Tree Prunus pensylvanica Pin-cherry


RF
346 Y Rosaceae Tree Prunus serotina Black cherry


RF, JF, CW, GR
347 N Rosaceae Tree Pyrus communis Pear


JF
348 N Rosaceae Shrub Rosa multiflora Multiflora rose


JF, CW, GR, TJ
349 Y Rosaceae
Rosa palustris Swamp rose


JF
350 Y Rosaceae Shrub Rubus allegheniensis Northern blackberry New

JF
351 Y Rosaceae
Rubus hispidus Swamp dewberry Rubus ithacanus Bailey; R. proprius Bailey

JF
352 N Rosaceae
Rubus laciniatus Cut-leaf blackberry


JF
353 Y Rosaceae
Rubus occidentalis Black raspberry


JF
354 Y Rosaceae
Rubus odoratus Pink thimbleberry


JF, CW, GR
355 N Rosaceae
Rubus phoenicolasius Wineberry


JF, CW, GR, TJ
356 Y Rubiaceae Shrub Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush


JF
357 Y Rubiaceae
Mitchella repens Partridge-berry


JF, CW, GR
358 Y Rutaceae
Zanthoxylum americanum Prickly ash


JF
359 Y Salicaceae
Populus deltoides Cottonwood


JF, CW, GR
360 Y Salicaceae Tree Populus grandidentata Big-toothed aspen


RF, JF
361 Y Salicaceae Tree Populus tremuloides Quaking aspen


RF, JF
362 N Salicaceae
Populus x jackii Balm-of-gilead


JF
363 N Salicaceae Tree Salix babylonica Weeping willow


RF, JF
364 N Salicaceae
Salix fragilis Crack-willow


JF
365 Y Salicaceae Tree Salix nigra Black willow


RF
366 N Salicaceae
Salix purpurea Purple willow


JF
367 Y Saxifragaceae
Chrysosplenium americanum Golden Saxifrage


JF
368 Y Saxifragaceae
Heuchera americana Alum-root


JF
369 Y Saxifragaceae
Saxifraga virginiensis Early saxifrage


JF, CW, GR
370 Y Scrophulariaceae
Limosella australis Mudwort


JF
371 N Scrophulariaceae
Linaria vulgaris Butter-and-eggs


JF, CW, GR, TJ
372 N Scrophulariaceae Herbaceous Verbascum thapsus Mullein


PTG, JF, CW, GR, TJ
373 N Scrophulariaceae
Veronica chamaedrys Bird's-eye speedwell


CW, GR
374 N Scrophulariaceae
Veronica officinalis Speedwell


JF
375 Y Selaginellaceae
Selaginella rupestris Rock spikemoss
V
GR
376 N Simaroubaceae Tree Ailanthus altissima Tree-of-heaven


RF, JF, CW, GR, TJ
377 Y Smilacaceae
Smilax herbacea Jacob's-ladder


JF
378 Y Smilacaceae
Smilax rotundifolia Greenbrier


JF, CW, GR
379 Y Solanaceae
Physalis heterophylla Clammy ground-cherry


CW, GR, TJ
380 Y Solanaceae
Solanum carolinense Horse-nettle


JF, CW, GR, TJ
381 N Solanaceae
Solanum dulcamara Trailing nightshade


JF
382 Y Taxaceae
Taxus canadensis American yew


JF
383 Y Thelypteridaceae
Thelypteris noveboracensis New York fern
V
JF
384 Y Thelypteridaceae
Thelypteris palustris Marsh fern
V
JF
385 Y Tiliaceae Tree Tilia americana American basswood


RF, JF
386 N Trapaceae
Trapa natans Water-chestnut


JF
387 Y Typhaceae Herbaceous Typha angustifolia Narrow-leaf cat-tail


PTG, JF, CW, GR
388 Y Typhaceae Herbaceous Typha latifolia Common cat-tail


PTG, GR
389 Y Ulmaceae Tree Celtis occidentalis Hackberry


RF, JF, CW, GR
390 Y Ulmaceae Tree Ulmus americana American elm


RF, JF, CW, GR
391 N Ulmaceae
Ulmus minor English elm Ulmus procera Salisb.

JF
392 Y Ulmaceae Tree Ulmus rubra Slippery elm Ulmus fulva Michx.

JF, CW, GR
393 Y Urticaceae Herbaceous Boehmeria cylindrica False-nettle


JF, CW, GR
394 Y Urticaceae
Pilea fontana Emerald-fruited clearweed


JF
395 Y Urticaceae
Pilea pumila Richweed


JF, CW, GR
396 N Urticaceae
Urtica dioica ssp. dioica Stinging nettle


JF
397 Y Urticaceae Herbaceous Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis Stinging nettle


CW, GR
398 Y Verbenaceae
Verbena urticifolia White vervain


JF
399 Y Violaceae
Viola sororia Common violet Viola papilionacea Pursh; V. priceana Pollard; V. domestica Pollard

JF
400 N Vitaceae
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata Porcelain-berry


JF
401 Y Vitaceae Vine Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper


PTG, JF, CW, GR
402 Y Vitaceae
Parthenocissus vitacea Virginia creeper Parthenocissus inserta (Knerr) Fritsch

JF
403 Y Vitaceae
Vitis aestivalis Summer grape


JF
404 Y Vitaceae Vine Vitis labrusca Fox grape


RF, JF
405 Y Vitaceae
Vitis riparia Frost grape


JF

Sponsored by the
New York State Museum and the
New York State Biodiversity Research Institute

Museum Open Tuesday-Sunday: 9:30 am to 5 pm | Carousel Hours: 10 am to 4:30 pm
Office of Cultural Education | New York State Education Department
Information: 518-474-5877 | Contact Us | Image Requests | Terms of Use
Join us on Facebook See us on YouTube See us on Flickr