The Doughboy Outline

The Dough Boy

The term doughboy was widely used to describe U.S. Army Infantrymen during the First World War. There were more infantry soldiers than soldiers in the artillery and cavalry branches of the U.S. Army.
  1. Helmet — Model 1917
    World War I was the first conflict in which soldiers were issued steel helmets. The helmet was not designed to stop a bullet, but rather to protect the soldier from shrapnel.
  2. Wool Uniform — Olive Drab (OD)
    By the time the United States entered World War I, the U.S. Army adopted an olive color for its uniforms. Wool proved an ideal material in the rainy climate of France.
  3. Gas Mask Bag
    The gas mask bag was worn suspended from a soldier's neck. In the event of a gas attack, the soldier placed the enclosed mask over his face and the box charcoal filter remained suspended in the gas mask bag.
  4. 10 Pocket Cartridge Belt — Model 1910
    Each pocket could hold two 5-round magazines for an M1903 Springfield, an M1917 Enfield, or the British Lee-Enfield Rifle.
  5. First Aid Pouch — Model 1910
    The M1910 first aid pouch contains two field bandages sealed in a brass container. These dressings were intended for the initial treatment of wounds until a medic could reach the wounded soldier.
  6. The Mark 1 Lee-Enfield Rifle .303 Caliber
    The standard British Army weapon of the First World War. When New York's 27th Division was assigned to the British Army, many of its soldiers were equipped with this type of rifle rather than the American M1903 Springfield or M1917 Enfield.
  7. Puttees
    When the United States entered World War I, the Army issued canvas leggings. These provided very little in the way of warmth and comfort in the damp conditions the troops encountered in the trenches of the Western Front. Leather was impractical because its smooth surface created suction in deep mud, making movement difficult. As a result, the U.S. Army adopted the wool spiral puttee used by the British Army.

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