KEY EVENTS PRIOR TO 1950
1948—1949

Berlin Blockade
The Soviets cut off West Berlin. The Western Powers launch a round-the-clock airlift to supply the residents, forcing the Soviets to end the blockade.

Soviets Detonate Atomic Bomb
With the August 29, 1949 atomic bomb test, both superpowers now possess a weapon that could destroy the other.
Soldiers near an artillery cannon.
Several New York National Guard units were called to federal service during the Korean War. The 955th Field Artillery Battalion served from February 1951 to October 1954.
Courtesy of the U.S. Army Center of Military History.

Cold War Events

Tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union escalated before the end of World War II and threatened to undermine the postwar peace.

 

The "temporary" divisions of Europe solidified into a Communist-controlled Eastern Bloc and the Western Powers.


The two superpowers never engaged in direct conflict, but supplied money, soldiers and equipment to friendly forces in numerous proxy wars.

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