The dome-shaped Adirondack Mountains are morphologically and geologically divided into the Adirondack Highlands and the Adirondack Lowlands by a wide zone of deformation called the Carthage-Colton Mylonite Zone. The Adirondack Highlands contained igneous rocks such as anorthosites, gabbros, and granites, as well as, sedimentary rocks that were metamorphosed to granulite facies at a depth of around 25 kilometers. A complex interaction of the igneous, metamorphic, and hydrothermal mineral-forming processes generated a plethora of very fine minerals.

Selected references

Baillieul, T. A. 1976. A mineralogical investigation of a calc-silicate body on Cascade Mountain, Town of Keen, Essex County, New York. Univ. Massachussetts, dept. Geol. Contrib. 27, 128 p.

Darling, R. S., Florence, F. R., Lester, G. W., Whitney, P. R. 2004. Petrogenesis of prismatine-bearing metapelitic gneisses along the Moose River, west-central Adirondacks, New York. In: Eds. Tollo, R. P., Corriveau, L., McLelland, J. M., Bartholomew, M. J. “Proterozoic tectonic evolution of the Grenville orogen in North America. Geol. Soc. Am. Memoir 197, p. 325-336.

Doll, C. G. 1983. Bastnaesite near Ticonderoga, New York. The Mineralogical record, July-August, p. 239-241.

Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Swihart, G. H., Moore, P. B., Marquez, N. 1991. The paragenesis of serendibite at Johnsburg, New York, USA: an example of boron enrichment in the granulite facies. In: Ed. Perchuk, L.L “Progress in Metamorphic and Magmatic Petrology”, Cambridge University Press, p. 247-285.

Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Adams, P. M., Kikby, R., and Wiedenbeck, M. 1999. Harkerite and associated minerals in marble and skarn from Crestmore Quarry, Riverside County, California and Cascade Slide, Adirondack Mountains, New York. The Canadian Mineralogist, 37, p. 277-296.

Jaszczac, J. A., Chamberlain, S.C., Robinson, G. W. 2009. The graphites of New York. Rocks & Minerals, 84, p. 502-519.

Larsen, E. S., Schaller, W. T. 1932. Serendibite from Warren County, New York, and its paragenesis. The American Mineralogist, 17, p. 457-465.

Miller, W. J. 1912. The garnet deposits of Warren County, New York. Econ. Geol., 7, p. 497-501.

Nason, F. I. 1888. Some New York minerals and their localities. New York State Museum Bulletin 4, 20 p.

Richards, P. R., Robinson, G. W. 2000. Mineralogy of the calcite-fluorite veins near Long Lake, New York. The Mineralogical Record, 31, p. 413-422.

Shaub, B. M. 1949. Paragenesis of the garnet and associated minerals of the Barton Mine near North Creek, New York. American Mineralogist, 34, p. 573-582.

Valley, J. W. , Essene, E. J. 1980. Akermanite in the Cascade Slide xenolith and its significance for regional metamorphism in the Adirondacks. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 74, p. 143-152.







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