john.hart's picture

Dr. John P. Hart

Director, Research & Collections Division
518-474-5816

B.A. in Anthropology and Economics 1980 Stephen F. Austin State University 
M.S. in Geosciences 1982 Northeast Louisiana University 
Ph.D. in Anthropology 1992 Northwestern University

My research has focused primarily on the histories of maize, bean, and squash in New York and the greater Northeast and the interactions of human populations with these crops. Through collaborations with numerous colleagues both at the Museum and other institutions, this research resulted in new understandings of these histories and interactions. A primary focus has been on charred cooking residues adhering to the interior surfaces of pottery sherds in the collections of the Museum. These residues contain microfossil evidence (phytoliths, starch, lipids) of the plants cooked in the pots. In addition the residues can be directly radiocarbon dated through accelerator mass spectrometry. These methods and techniques have provided new evidence that is radically altering our understandings of the histories of agriculture in New York State. Theory building to develop understandings of these new histories is another focus. This research has broad implications for Native American history in New York and the greater Northeast.

Most recently I have been working with colleagues on Social Network Analyses (SNA) of northern Iroquoian sites dating from A.D. 1350 to 1650. SNA is a formal graphing method, which in archaeology is used to identify relationships between sites based on similarities of artifact assemblages. This research is helping to build new understandings of interactions between village populations and how these interactions changed through time during the last centuries before and then after European involvements.

Publications

2002
Rieth, C.B., 2002. Early Late Prehistoric Settlement and Subsistence Diversity in the Southern Tier of New York, in: Hart, J.P., Rieth, C.B. (Eds.), Northeast Subsistence-Settlement Change: A.d. 700-1300. The University of the State of New York, Albany, New York, pp. 209-226.
Rieth, C.B., 2002. Early Late Prehistoric Settlement: A View from Northcentral Pennsylvania, in: Hart, J.P., Rieth, C.B. (Eds.), Northeast Subsistence-Settlement Change: A.d. 700-1300. The University of the State of New York, Albany, New York, pp. 135-152.
Terrell, J.E., Hart, J.P., 2002. Introduction, in: Hart, J.P., Terrell, J.E. (Eds.), Darwin And Archaeology: A Handbook Of Key Concepts. Bergin & Garvey, Westport, Connecticut, pp. 1-13.
2001
Hart, J.P., 2001. Maize, Matrilocality, Migration, and Northern Iroquoian Evolution. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 8, 151-182. doi:10.1023/A:1011301218533
2000
Hart, J.P., Fisher, C.L., 2000. Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Domestic Site Archaeology in New York State, New York State Museum Bulletin. The University of the State of New York, Albany, New York.
Fisher, C.L., 2000. Archaeology and the Rural Landscape, in: Hart, J.P., Fisher, C.L. (Eds.), Nineteenth- And Early Twentieth-Century Domestic Site Archaeology In New York State. The University of the State of New York, Albany, New York, pp. 63-78.
Sopko, J., 2000. Farmstead Archaeology and the Impact of Agrarian Change at Three Sites in Eastern New York, in: Hart, J.P., Fisher, C.L. (Eds.), Nineteenth-And Early Twentieth-Century Domestic Site Archaeology In New York State. The University of the State of New York, Albany, New York, pp. 149-176.
Pickands, M., 2000. The Spain's Boarding House and Early Twentieth-Century Settlement in the Western Adirondacks, in: Hart, J.P., Fisher, C.L. (Eds.), Nineteenth- And Early-Twentieth Century Domestic Site Arhcaeology In New York State. The University of the State of New York, Albany, New York, pp. 225-240.
Nass, J.P., Hart, J.P., 2000. Late Prehistoric Settlement in the Lower Upper Ohio River Basin, in: Genheimer, R. (Ed.), Cultures Before Contact: The Late Prehistory Of Ohio And Surrounding Regions. The Ohio Archaeological Counci, Columbus, Ohio, pp. 124-155.