"War Sketches Oct & Nov - 1864"

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The Civil War Drawings of Edward Lamson Henry

(Click on the small images to access larger ones)

"Presentation of Colours by the Ladies of NY to the 1st NY Coloured Reg."
New York City
Pen and ink on paper (3 3/8 x 4 3/4 in.)
NYSM 40.17.93

Inscribed: "To be painted by Mr. Henry, 17x26 for the Union League Club for $500." A gala Manhattan sendoff for the newly-formed 20th United States Colored Troops took place on March 5, 1864. This was the first regiment of African-American troops sponsored by the ladies of the League. The finished oil-on-canvas, still in possession of the Union League Club of New York, was completed in 1869.

The Market Place, Washington
Washington D.C., October, 1864
Pencil and chalk on paper (6 3/8 x 12 1/2 in.)
NYSM 40.17.53

Inscribed: "The Market Place, Washington, sketched from the window of a hotel, Oct., 1864. Showing fortifications on the Virginia side of the Potomac, protecting the Capitol."

Washington from the Potomac
Washington D.C., October, 1864
Pencil on paper (4 x 6 in.)
NYSM 40.17.1796a

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Washington from the Potomac
Washington D.C., October, 1864
Pencil on paper (4 x 6 in.)
NYSM 40.17.1796b

The Great Horse Depot at Giesboro on the Potomac Below Washington
Washington, D.C., November, 1864
Pencil and watercolor on paper (11 1/2 x 18 1/2 in.)
NYSM 40.17.88

Inscribed: "The great horse depot at Giesboro on the Potomac below Washington where horses were broken in & drilled for the two branches of the Service and where they were brought back to recuperate. Horses ready to be shipped to a Transport. Where the incurable & condemned Horses were shot. Dead animals loaded on barges & carried across the Potomac." Giesboro Point, now part of Bolling AFB, is on the east bank of the river.

Fairfax Church
Alexandria, Virginia, November, 1864
Pencil on paper (4 x 6 in.)
NYSM 40.17.1787

A view of Christ Church in Alexandria, Fairfax County, which is today a popular angle with photographers. After Alexandria was occupied by Federal troops in 1861, many churches were used as hospitals and stables, but Christ Church, revered as George Washington's place of worship, continued to be used for services. The structure was built between 1767 and 1773.

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Charles City County, Virginia, November, 1864
Pencil and pastel on paper (12 1/4 x 19 1/8 in.)
NYSM 40.17.85

Inscribed: "Grant's Campaign, Nov. 1864. Old "Westover," James River, a Division Hd Qtrs, Army of the James. Sketch Made from the Deck of a Transport." Westover, historic seat of the Byrd family, was built about 1730. The burned-out east wing, which contained a library of over 4000 volumes, was rebuilt during renovations to the mansion about 1900.

Westover Details / Cannon / Sailboat
Charles City County, Virginia, November, 1864
Pencil on paper (4 x 6 in.)
NYSM 40.17.1795

City Point ("Gen. Ingal's Hd Qtrs")
Hopewell, Virginia, November, 1864
Pencil on paper (4 x 12 in.)
NYSM 40.17.1797

City Point served as the headquarters of the United States armies under the command of Lt. Gen. U. S. Grant during the siege of Petersburg, 1864-1865. Headquarters as well of the Quartermaster Corps, commanded by Brig. Gen. Rufus Ingalls, City Point was the site of the largest logistical operation of the Civil War, an overnight metropolis at the confluence of the James and Appomattox Rivers. This strategic point of land was the ancestral seat of the Eppes family, whose house, Appomattox Manor, was built in 1763 and stands today as a focus of the National Park Service's City Point Unit of the Petersburg National Battlefield. The house was "Gen. Ingal's Hd Qtrs."

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