Efficacy of Bacillus sphaericus Strain 1593 Against the Four Instars of Laboratory Reared and Field Collected Culex pipiens and Laboratory Reared Culex salinarius
|Title||Efficacy of Bacillus sphaericus Strain 1593 Against the Four Instars of Laboratory Reared and Field Collected Culex pipiens and Laboratory Reared Culex salinarius|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1981|
|Authors||Wraight, SP, Molloy, DP, Jamnback, H|
|Journal||The Canadian Entomologist|
Culex pipiens pipiens and C. salinarius were found equally susceptible in laboratory tests to Bacillus sphaericus strain 1593 with LC50 values for the four instars ranging between 20 and 137 ppb (approximately 820 and 5600 spores/ml). Tests against field collected C. p. pipiens larvae revealed a regularly decreasing susceptibility with increasing larval age, the first instars being between 2 and 5 times more susceptible than fourth instars. In contrast, no significant differences in the susceptibility of second, third, and fourth instars were found in tests of laboratory reared larvae.