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Impact of the Black Fly (Diptera: Simuliidae) Control Agent Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis on Chironomids (Diptera: Chironomidae) and Other Nontarget Insects: Results of Ten Field Trials

TitleImpact of the Black Fly (Diptera: Simuliidae) Control Agent Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis on Chironomids (Diptera: Chironomidae) and Other Nontarget Insects: Results of Ten Field Trials
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1992
AuthorsMolloy, DP
JournalJournal of the American Mosquito Control Association
Volume8
Pagination24-31
Keywordsbiology
Abstract

Except for moderate mortality among fiIter-feeding chironomids, Rheotanytarsus spp., the results of 10 field trials with Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelcnsis (B.t.i.) indicated a wide margin of safety to the chironomid community and other stream nontarget insects. Mayflies, caddisflies and 2 other types of chironomids, i.e., tube-dwelling (Chironominae) and surface-dwelling,c aselessla rvae (mix of Chironominae, Diamesinae, Orthocladiinae, Tanypodinae), did not appear to be affected. The susceptibility of filter-feeding chironomids was considerably less than black flies; for example, 4 months of data collected during an operational black fly control program indicated a mean (+95% Cl) mortality among Rheotanytarsus larvae of 23(15-32)% vs. 98(97-99)% among black flies. Although clearly demonstrating the potential of adverse impact on filter-feeding chironomids in operational black fly programs,
these trials also confirmed the narrow impact of B.t.i. on the overall stream insect community.

URLhttp://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/content/part/JAMCA/JAMCA_V08_N1_P024-031.pdf