Improved Geochronologic Accuracy and Precision for the ICS Chronostratigraphic Charts: Examples from the late Cambrian–Early Ordovician

TitleImproved Geochronologic Accuracy and Precision for the ICS Chronostratigraphic Charts: Examples from the late Cambrian–Early Ordovician
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsLanding, E, Rushton, AWA, Fortey, RA, Bowring, SA
JournalEpisodes
Volume38
Issue3
Start Page154
Pagination154-161
Abstract

The utility of ICS International Chronostratigraphic Charts (ICS Charts) relies on the accuracy and precision of reported geochronologic dates and their relationship to the bases of global chronostratigraphic units. However, an examination of some early Paleozoic dates (i.e., Cambrian–Ordovician boundary and lowest Ordovician) on the ICS Charts shows that they differ from originally
reported and late recalculated dates. Thus, they record a numerical precision that differs from these revised dates. The dates assigned to the bases of formal early Paleozoic chronostratigraphic units may be interpreted by the lay reader as precise determinations, although they are almost all estimates based on dated horizons that stratigraphically bracket a chronostratigraphic
unit’s base. The bases of informal Cambrian chronostratigraphic units (e.g., Stage 10, ~489.5 Ma) are also assigned relatively precise ages although consensus does not exist on the horizon that should define an informal unit’s base, and several alternative GSSP horizons with differing ages may exist. The uncertainties of the ICS Chart’s dates on stage bases within the traditional Upper Cambrian are so great that the tilde (e.g., “~500.5”) indicating “about” might be replaced by question marks or an abbreviation for “estimated.” A preferred alternative is to replace the age estimates on the bases of informal and almost all formal chronostratigraphic divisions in the Phanerozoic with precise dates that bracket the bases of the divisions. The ICS Chart should include (perhaps on-line) brief discussions on and references to the history and procedures of age determination, accuracy, and precision
for each dated horizon. An even more accurate, precise, and informative ICS Chart would result from review by a new ICS subcommission on geochronology. The subcommission could evaluate proposed dates for the ICS Chart for accuracy, precision, and suitability for determining/bracketing the ages of chronostratigraphic unit bases and provide updated reviews of the procedures used to determine all ICS Chart dates.

URLhttp://52.172.159.94/index.php/epi/article/view/79695