The Potential of Bulk d13C on Encrusted Cooking Residues as Independent Evidence for Regional Maize Histories
|Title||The Potential of Bulk d13C on Encrusted Cooking Residues as Independent Evidence for Regional Maize Histories|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Hart, JP, Lovis, WA, Jeske, RJ, Richards, JD|
|Keywords||cooking residue analysis, crop history, maize, stable isotope analysis, Zea mays ssp. mays|
The histories of maize utilization in eastern North America have been substantially revised recently, primarily because of the analysis of charred cooking residues encrusted on pottery. A multifaceted research strategy of bulk δ13C assays coupled with accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon data and microbotanical evidence can yield coherent regional maize use histories. Bulk δ13C assay interpretation complications include (1) variations among vessels by site, (2) a potential for false negatives, and (3) a wide range of variation potentially present for any given time period. Regional histories using this approach can be quite variable without appropriate use of multiple lines of evidence.