Radiocarbon Dating the Iroquoian Occupation of Northern New York

TitleRadiocarbon Dating the Iroquoian Occupation of Northern New York
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsAbel, TJ, Vavrasek, JL, Hart, JP
JournalAmerican Antiquity
Date Published08/2019
KeywordsIroquoian archaeology, Late Woodland archaeology, Northeastern North American archaeology, radiocarbon dating

The results of Bayesian analysis using 43 new high-precision AMS radiocarbon dates on maize, faunal remains, and ceramic residues from 18 precontact Iroquoian village sites in Northern New York are presented. Once thought to span AD 1350–1500, the period of occupation suggested by the modeling is approximately AD 1450–1510. This late placement now makes clear that Iroquoians arrived in the region approximately 100 years later than previously thought. This result halves the time in which population growth and significant changes in settlement occurred. The new chronology allows us to better match these events within a broader Northeast temporal framework.